Money collected by political parties for poll, officially
New Delhi, May 23:
Between January 2004 and December 2015, there were a total ofÂ 71 Assembly ElectionsÂ andÂ threeÂ Lok Sabha Elections, according to Association of Democratic Reforms (ADR). For a long time, ADR is involved in an attempt to cleanse the elections, the process of elections in the country.
It analyses data submitted by various political parties to the Election Commission of India (ECI), an autonomous statutory body involved in conduct and supervise elections.Â
TheÂ maximum number of Assembly electionsÂ were held in 2008 when 10 states (Madhya Pradesh, Delhi, Karnataka, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Tripura, Rajasthan, J & K, Chhattisgarh and Mizoram) went for polls whileÂ least number of Assembly electionsÂ were held in 2010 when only Bihar went for polls.
Â In the public domain, officially, various political parties have put some details. About the money, total fundsÂ collected and spent between 2004 and 2015, during the election period of 1,535 days.
Number of elections vs. number of contesting parties
Except in 2004, it can be noticed thatÂ between 2005 and 2015, theÂ number of contesting parties increasedÂ withÂ theÂ total number of Assembly electionsÂ held during that period. While 65 parties contested in four Assembly elections held in 2005, it increased to 82 parties in five Assembly elections held in 2006.
Maximum numberÂ of 120 parties contested in theÂ 10 Assembly electionsÂ held inÂ 2008.
Â The number of National and Regional Parties which contested in theÂ Lok Sabha electionsÂ held inÂ 2004Â wasÂ 42Â while duringÂ 2009 Lok Sabha elections, it wasÂ 41Â parties and inÂ 2014 Lok Sabha elections, it increased toÂ 45 National and Regional parties.
TotalÂ funds collected by Political Parties:Â LokÂ SabhaÂ elections (2004, 2009, 2014)
According to the proforma issued by the Election Commission of India to political parties for submission of their election expenditure statements, funds received between the date of announcements of elections and completion of elections have to be disclosed in cash, cheques/DD, in kind (value of which has to be specified).
Collectively, during the Lok Sabha elections held in 2004, 2009 and 2014, political parties declared collecting a total ofÂ Rs 2,355.35Â croresÂ of whichÂ 44% or Rs 1,039.06Â croresÂ was by cashÂ andÂ 55% or Rs 1, 299.53 croresÂ was by cheque.
Rs 16.76 croresÂ was declared by the parties as funds collected â€˜in kindâ€™ during the Lok Sabha elections.
Total funds collected by Political Parties: Assembly elections (2004-2015)
Maximum fundsÂ were collected during theÂ sevenÂ Assembly Elections held in 2012Â where 13 political parties have declared collecting aÂ total ofÂ Rs 695.28 croresÂ of whichÂ Rs 370.45 crores was collected in cashÂ (53% of total funds) andÂ Rs 324.83 crores was collected by chequeÂ (47% of total funds).
Collectively, during the 71 Assembly elections held between 2004 and 2015, political parties have declared collectingÂ Rs 2107.80 crores in cashÂ (63% of total funds)Â and Rs 1244.86 crores by chequeÂ (37% of total funds).
Rs 15.39 crores was declared by the parties asÂ funds collected â€˜in kindâ€™.
Top five regional parties which collected maximum funds and incurred maximum expenditure during Lok Sabha elections
Among all the Regional parties who have submitted their election expenditure statements for the Lok Sabha elections held in 2004, 2009, 2014, the top five parties include Samajwadi Party, Aam Aadmi Party, AIADMK, Biju Janata Dal and Shiromani Akal Dal.
These five parties have declared collecting a total ofÂ Rs 267.14 croresÂ which formsÂ 62% of the total funds declared by all the regional parties collectively. They have declared collectingÂ Rs 129.22 crores in cashÂ (48% of total funds) andÂ Rs 137.72 crores by chequeÂ (52% of total funds).
Despite contesting in only one Lok Sabha election, AAP stands second in the total funds collected by declaringÂ Rs 51.83 crores.Â This forms19% of total funds collected by all the five Regional partiesÂ which contested inÂ threeÂ LokÂ SabhaÂ elections
Among the top five regional parties, SP has declared the maximum expenditure ofÂ Rs 90.09 croresÂ during the Lok Sabha elections followed byAIADMKÂ which had declared incurring an expenditure ofÂ Rs 39.31Â crores.
We now five details of top five regional parties which collected maximum funds and incurred maximum expenditure during Assembly elections.
Among all the regional parties which have declared their expenditure during Assembly elections held between 2004 and 2015, the top five parties include SP, AAP, SAD, Shiv Sena and AITC.
The 5 parties have declared a total ofÂ Rs 291.92 croresÂ as funds collected of whichÂ Rs 112.87 crores was in cashÂ andÂ Rs 179.02 crores was by cheque. This forms 82% of the total funds declared by all the regional parties collectively.
SP declared collecting a total of Rs 186.8 croresÂ whileÂ AAP comes a distant second with Rs 38.54 crores as total funds collected.
SPÂ declaredÂ incurring the maximum expenditure of Rs 96.54 crores during the Assembly electionsÂ followed byÂ Shiv SenaÂ withRsÂ 29.605crores.
Interestingly, SP has claimed that it spent less than Rs 100 crores and this money was enough to being him to power. Is it so?
Perhaps we all know the way money is being channelled into elections in each state. It is many times more than what is admitted by parties before the ECI.
The figures are based on the figures submitted by the parties before the statutory body responsible for the conduct of “free and fair” elections.