Money collected by political parties for poll, officially

New Delhi, May 23:

Between January 2004 and December 2015, there were a total of 71 Assembly Elections and three Lok Sabha Elections, according to Association of Democratic Reforms (ADR). For a long time, ADR is involved in an attempt to cleanse the elections, the process of elections in the country.

It analyses data submitted by various political parties to the Election Commission of India (ECI), an autonomous statutory body involved in conduct and supervise elections. 

The maximum number of Assembly elections were held in 2008 when 10 states (Madhya Pradesh, Delhi, Karnataka, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Tripura, Rajasthan, J & K, Chhattisgarh and Mizoram) went for polls while least number of Assembly elections were held in 2010 when only Bihar went for polls.

 In the public domain, officially, various political parties have put some details. About the money, total funds collected and spent between 2004 and 2015, during the election period of 1,535 days.

Number of elections vs. number of contesting parties

Except in 2004, it can be noticed that between 2005 and 2015, the number of contesting parties increased with the total number of Assembly elections held during that period. While 65 parties contested in four Assembly elections held in 2005, it increased to 82 parties in five Assembly elections held in 2006.

Maximum number of 120 parties contested in the 10 Assembly elections held in 2008.

 The number of National and Regional Parties which contested in the Lok Sabha elections held in 2004 was 42 while during 2009 Lok Sabha elections, it was 41 parties and in 2014 Lok Sabha elections, it increased to 45 National and Regional parties.

Total funds collected by Political Parties: Lok Sabha elections (2004, 2009, 2014)

According to the proforma issued by the Election Commission of India to political parties for submission of their election expenditure statements, funds received between the date of announcements of elections and completion of elections have to be disclosed in cash, cheques/DD, in kind (value of which has to be specified).

Collectively, during the Lok Sabha elections held in 2004, 2009 and 2014, political parties declared collecting a total of Rs 2,355.35 crores of which 44% or Rs 1,039.06 crores was by cash and 55% or Rs 1, 299.53 crores was by cheque.

Rs 16.76 crores was declared by the parties as funds collected ‘in kind’ during the Lok Sabha elections.

Total funds collected by Political Parties: Assembly elections (2004-2015)

Maximum funds were collected during the seven Assembly Elections held in 2012 where 13 political parties have declared collecting a total of Rs 695.28 crores of which Rs 370.45 crores was collected in cash (53% of total funds) and Rs 324.83 crores was collected by cheque (47% of total funds).

Collectively, during the 71 Assembly elections held between 2004 and 2015, political parties have declared collecting Rs 2107.80 crores in cash (63% of total funds) and Rs 1244.86 crores by cheque (37% of total funds).

Rs 15.39 crores was declared by the parties as funds collected ‘in kind’.

Top five regional parties which collected maximum funds and incurred maximum expenditure during Lok Sabha elections

Among all the Regional parties who have submitted their election expenditure statements for the Lok Sabha elections held in 2004, 2009, 2014, the top five parties include Samajwadi Party, Aam Aadmi Party, AIADMK, Biju Janata Dal and Shiromani Akal Dal.

These five parties have declared collecting a total of Rs 267.14 crores which forms 62% of the total funds declared by all the regional parties collectively. They have declared collecting Rs 129.22 crores in cash (48% of total funds) and Rs 137.72 crores by cheque (52% of total funds).

Despite contesting in only one Lok Sabha election, AAP stands second in the total funds collected by declaring Rs 51.83 crores. This forms19% of total funds collected by all the five Regional parties which contested in three Lok Sabha elections

Among the top five regional parties, SP has declared the maximum expenditure of Rs 90.09 crores during the Lok Sabha elections followed byAIADMK which had declared incurring an expenditure of Rs 39.31 crores.

We now five details of top five regional parties which collected maximum funds and incurred maximum expenditure during Assembly elections.

Among all the regional parties which have declared their expenditure during Assembly elections held between 2004 and 2015, the top five parties include SP, AAP, SAD, Shiv Sena and AITC.

The 5 parties have declared a total of Rs 291.92 crores as funds collected of which Rs 112.87 crores was in cash and Rs 179.02 crores was by cheque. This forms 82% of the total funds declared by all the regional parties collectively.

SP declared collecting a total of Rs 186.8 crores while AAP comes a distant second with Rs 38.54 crores as total funds collected.

SP declared incurring the maximum expenditure of Rs 96.54 crores during the Assembly elections followed by Shiv Sena withRs 29.605crores.

Interestingly, SP has claimed that it spent less than Rs 100 crores and this money was enough to being him to power. Is it so?

Perhaps we all know the way money is being channelled into elections in each state. It is many times more than what is admitted by parties before the ECI.

The figures are based on the figures submitted by the parties before the statutory body responsible for the conduct of “free and fair” elections.